In the Netherlands there is a span of medieval buildings which attract tourists with their interesting architecture. This European country is a wonderful travel destination where you can see beautiful ancient city halls and cathedrals, markets, channels, wonderful museums and many other tourist attractions.
There is a list of cities and town which enjoy the widest popularity with travelers. They are Amsterdam, Leiden, Zaandam, Haarlem, Hague, Utrecht, Maastricht, Groningen.
Must-see tourist attractions in Leiden: Leiden University, the Vistmark (old Fish Market), the Dutch National Museum of Antiquities, the Ethnographic Museum, the Highlands Church (Hooglandse Kerk, a beautiful Gothic church dating from the 15th century), the Church of St. Peter (Pieterskerk, a late-Gothic church), the Dutch National Museum for the History of the Natural Sciences.
In Zaandam, located 20 km the north of Amsterdam, there is a number of popular tourist attractions as well. If you are in Zaandam, you can visit the House of Czar Peter I of Russia and the Zaanse Schans, which is an open air conservation area and museum located on the bank of the Zaan River. North of Zaandam, the famous Alkmaar is located. It is the only city in the world, where you can find medieval cheese markets and Cheese Porters Guilds. In addition, it’s extremely interesting to walk along medieval narrow streets, watch numerous city channels and visit Alkmaar’s Cathedral of Saint Lawrence and the monumental Gothic City Hall.
Located north of Amsterdam, the town of Haarlem was the residence of Dutch palsgraves in the 11th-13th centuries. That’s why Haarlem is filled with historical and cultural monuments. In the middle of the town you can find the Grote Markt, Haarlem’s central market square surrounded by picturesque medieval buildings. In the neighborhood the following tourist attractions are located: the City Hall (the Prinsenhof), the Church of Saint Bavo with Imaginary Episcopal Tomb and the world-famous Organ and the Frans Hals Museum located in the building of the Haarlem Old men’s Almhouse which was founded in 1609.
In the outskirts of Haarlem, which is the birthplace of the Dutch tulip history, there is a span of breathtakingly beautiful flower fields, known as Bloemenvelden. If you are planning to spend your vacations in Haarlem, don’t slip the chance of visiting the ancient residence of the Counts of Dutch – Stathaus, an old meat market – Vleeshal, and Haarlem’s Town Gate of Amsterdam, the only remaining city gate in Haarlem.
Utrecht is an ancient university city located in the heart of the Netherlands. The characteristic feature of this town is its double-level channels connected with neighboring medieval houses by numerous little bridges.
Maastricht is one of the oldest cities of the country. Its main tourist attractions are the Hoge Froten (it was earlier called the Linie van Du Moulin) and St, Pietersberg Caves (a labyrinth with more than 20,000 passageways). Maastricht’s Old Town, medieval narrow streets, city gates (the oldest gates in the Netherlands), the City Hall and the Basilica of Saint Servatius, which is the symbol of Maastricht, are also interesting to visit.
Located in the north of the country Groningen is famous for its numerous beautiful churches. One of the most famous of them is St. Martin’s Church (the Martinikerk) and the Nieuwe Kerk (”new church”). The Northern Maritime Museum of Groningen and the Groningen Tobacco Museum are considered the best museums in Europe. The library of the city keeps the Latin translation of the New Testament, made by Erasmus of Rotterdam with remarks after Martin Luther.